Neurofeedback

Overneurons the past decade discoveries in neuroscience have revealed the brain’s amazing capacity for change. This capacity, referred to as neuroplasticity, has become a growing topic of interest in clinical and general science fields. Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that utilizes the principle of neuroplasticity to alleviate brain related symptoms.

Like other forms of biofeedback, neurofeedback is a noninvasive therapy that has been studied and utilized for over 30 years. Neurofeedback monitors and gently interacts to regulate brainwaves. The nCenter uses a variety of neurofeedback approaches, guided by a qEEG brain map, to create personalized and targeted treatment. One approach dis-entrains the brain, freeing it up from locked patterns and creating more flexibility. Another approach entrains the brain by gently applying various frequencies to re-balance and optimize brain function. The most widely used approach utilizes the practice of operant conditioning, a reward based approach. The ‘reward’ with neurofeedback may be anything from a pleasant tone to a movie screen image sharpening.

Unlike traditional medications which need to be taken throughout a person’s life, neurofeedback is often time-limited. Some clients see changes after only one session while others see more profound results following 20-60 sessions. Treatments usually last 20-30 minutes, twice per week but can sometimes take up to an hour, twice a week.

Our clients have reported more stable moods, increased energy, better memory retention and access, increased environmental, personal, and emotional sensitivity, higher cognitive capacity and function, and improved coordination, balance, and general body function with neurofeedback. Parents and teachers have noted more flexibility, focus, better sleep, mood, and emotional regulation with children in their care.

Reported Benefits of Neurofeedback

  • More Clarity

  • More Energy

  • Less Fatigue

  • Better concentration

  • Better present awareness

  • Less anxiety

  • Less depression

  • Less anger

  • Better memory

  • Better performance

“Neurofeedback should play a major therapeutic role in many difficult areas. In my opinion, if any medication had demonstrated such a wide spectrum of efficacy it would be universally accepted and widely used. It is a field to be taken seriously by all.” — Frank H. Duffy, M.D., Harvard Medical School Professor

Types of Neurofeedback Used

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We primarily utilize FDA approved Neurofield Technology which allows for pEMF, tDCS, tACS, tRNS, and RTZ therapeutic approaches. We also use the FDA approved Low Energy Neurofeedback Systems (LENS) created by Ochs Labs. With these treatments potential minor and temporary side effects are:  headaches, dizziness, itching or redness under the electrode.

pEMFPulsed electromagnetic field (pEMF) introduces magnetic pulses to the brain.  pEMF is passive and the magnetic pulses focused on specific sections of the cerebral cortex entrains the brain towards the frequencies being pulsed.

tDCS – Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is another neuromodulation therapy which uses a direct or alternating, voltage delivered to the scalp through electrodes. It is believed that positive stimulation increases neuronal excitability and allows for more spontaneous cell firing. Negative stimulation decreases neuronal excitability and reduces spontaneous cell firing.  Transcranial direct current stimulation may function by increasing or decreasing (based on the kind of stimulation) the strength of neuronal connections resulting in better brain functioning.

tACS – Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is another safe, neuromodulation therapy which applies alternating current through the skull to entrain the brain in a frequency-specific manner, gently correcting neural oscillations towards the norm.

tRNS – Transcranial Random Noise Stimulation is a stimulation current that is varied randomly. It’s main effect appears to be excitatory, and it is believed to dehabituate the brain.  Dehabituation is useful in breaking up patterns in thinking.

RTZ-Real Time Z score training is an Operant Conditioning brain training in which Z-Scores* are available in real time and are used in tandem with existing clinical neurofeedback software. It thus becomes possible to perform a mini-assessment of selected variables, during the training, adjusting the treatment in real time.

*Simply put, a Z-Score is the number of standard deviations from the mean a data point is.

LENS – Low Energy Neurofeedback System is a passive form of neurofeedback that uses a verylow voltage to send feedback which is offset a certain number of cycles per second faster than the brain’s dominant frequency.  This feedback has shown promising clinical results for conditions such as TBI, fibromyalgia, anger, restless leg syndrome, anxiety, depression, insomnia and others.  LENS can be used with very young children.